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Ajax Cascading DropDownList in JSP & Servlet using JQuery and JSON

Posted by on Apr 12, 2015 in Ajax, jQuery, Servlet | 5 comments

Dynamic Dependent Select Box using Jquery
There are times in a web application where you want to populate a dropdown list based on the value of another drop down list. In this example, we will be creating a dropdown list for favorite spots and favorite player; since this scenario involves in returning complex java objects like lists, maps, etc, so I’m using JSON for this purpose.

In the article on AJAX in Servlet & jsp using JQuery I have demonstrated on returning simple object from servlet to jsp via jquery.


Library required

Google gson

Project Structure

Ajax using jquery and json

Steps done to set up our Servlet for JSON

From the browser perspective: jQuery

jQuery allows you to fire an ajax request via get or post method and expects a JSON object as a response, as described in my previous post the first and second parameter of these method are the url and a key-value pair and the third argument of get method is a function that defines what is to be done with the response that is got back from the Servlet.

Recommended reading:


Jsp Page


<title>AJAX in Servlet using JQuery and JSON</title>
<script src="js/jquery-1.11.1.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

$(document).ready(function() {

$('#sports').change(function(event) {
	var sports = $("select#sports").val();
	$.get('JsonServlet', {
		sportsName : sports
	}, function(response) {

	var select = $('#player');
 	  $.each(response, function(index, value) {
<h3>AJAX in Servlet using JQuery and JSON</h3>
	Select Favorite Sports:
	<select id="sports">
		<option>Select Sports</option>
		<option value="Football">Football</option>
		<option value="Cricket">Cricket</option>
	<br /> <br /> 
	Select Favorite Player:
	<select id="player">
		<option>Select Player</option>

Here jquery will fire an ajax request when the value of the first dropdown is changed(id=”sports”).

Another must read:

From the server’s perspective: Servlet

In Servlet, I’m going to use a GSON library to convert Java objects (lists, maps etc) to JSON strings that will be parsed by JQuery in the JSP page and will be displayed on the web page and note that I have returned the response back to jsp based on the value of sports parameter which i pass to the servlet via jQuery’s get() method.



package com.action;

import java.util.*;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class JsonServlet extends HttpServlet {

	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
		HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {

		String sportsName = request.getParameter("sportsName");
		List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
		String json = null;

		if (sportsName.equals("Football")) {
			list.add("Lionel Messi");
			list.add("Cristiano Ronaldo");
			list.add("David Beckham");
			list.add("Diego Maradona");
		} else if (sportsName.equals("Cricket")) {
			list.add("Sourav Ganguly");
			list.add("Sachin Tendulkar");
			list.add("Lance Klusener");
			list.add("Michael Bevan");
		} else if (sportsName.equals("Select Sports")) {
			list.add("Select Player");

		json = new Gson().toJson(list);



Servlet mapping should be done in web.xml as shown below




On selecting ‘Football’ in the first dropdown list
Dynamic Dependent Select Box in JSP
On selecting ‘Cricket’ in the first dropdown list

Other Ajax tutorial from our Blog

Dynamic Dependent Select Box in JSP2



  • jQuery.get()
  • jQuery.each()
  • Wikipedia : JSON

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